1. Use of Condoms
It is a method of male contraception made of latex or polyurethane that protects against birth control as well as sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV/AIDS.
2. Use of Female Condoms
This contraceptive is applied in the vagina of women, which keeps the sperm inside the condom and prevents it from going inside the uterus. It also protects against sexually transmitted diseases.
3. Use of the Diaphragm
The diaphragm is actually a flexible rimmed cup made of latex or silicone that is fitted inside the vagina on the advice of doctors so that the egg cannot be fertilized. Explain that after sex, the diaphragm is kept inside the vagina for at least 6 hours.
4. Use of vaginal ring
It is a small plastic ring that is placed inside the vagina. The vaginal ring continuously mixes hormones like estrogen and progestogen into the blood, which can prevent pregnancy.
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5. Use of Intrauterine Device
It is a long lasting contraception. It is both copper and hormonal and can be used for three years to twelve years.
6.Use of Contraceptive Pills
There are actually two types of birth control pills. One is the combined pill which contains estrogen and progestogen hormones while the other one which contains only progestogen hormones. Both of these have to be consumed daily once a day.
7.Emergency Contraceptive Pills
It has to be taken within 72 hours of having unprotected sex. The hormone present in it is synthetic, so it is also harmful for the body.
One is a small operation in which the men’s tube that carries sperm from the testes to the penis is cut. There is no effect on sex after this procedure. This remedy is permanent.
This is also a permanent remedy in which with the help of operation the fallopian tubes are blocked so that the eggs do not reach the womb and the woman does not become pregnant.
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It has to be applied once in a month or once in three months on the advice of the doctor. It works just like birth control pills. Its effect lasts for 8 to 13 weeks.
The contraceptive implant is a small, thin plastic rod that is inserted into the inner skin of a woman’s arm. It contains the hormone etonogestrel which slowly gets into the blood. It provides protection against pregnancy for up to 4 years at most.
It is a type of contraceptive patch that women can apply on their abdomen, back, arms and hips. It contains hormones estrogen and progesterone which do not allow the eggs to come out of the ovary. One patch provides protection for up to three weeks.